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Different Types of Illumination

Publish Time2016-12-06 16:54:16 Page View:

Bright Field:
Light is aimed directly at an object, often creating distinct shadows.  This type of lighting is effective when used on objects requiring high degrees of contrast, but creates specular reflections when used with shiny or reflective materials.

 Bright Field

Dark Field:
Light is projected at an angle to the surface, causing any variations to deflect light up into the camera, creating bright spots on a dark background or field.  Nothing is seen by the vision system if there are no aberrations on the surface.

 Dark Field

Back Lighting:
An even field of illumination is projected from behind an object, which is seen as a silhouette by the camera.  Backlighting is most commonly used for taking measurements or determining part orientation.

 Back Lighting

Diffuse Light: 
Reflected light, providing a non-directional, soft illumination free of harsh shadows that is well suited for highly specular objects.  This illumination effect is similar to the type of light found on an overcast day.

 Diffuse Light

Co-Axial Illumination:
A variation of diffuse light in which light is aimed at an angled beam splitter that reflects the light down.  The object is viewed from above through the beam splitter.  This light type is particularly helpful on highly reflective objects or in situations where the area of inspection is obscured by shadows from its surroundings. 

 Co-Axial Illumination

Each light type has a specific purpose, but is also adaptable for a range of applications not immediately related to its function. For example, a spotlight, which provides bright field illumination, can be placed at an angle to create a dark field effect.  For some applications, the best results are achieved by combining multiple light types.

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